The Russian Black Terrier (in Russian: Чёрный терьер), abbreviated as BRT, or a dog of Stalin (Sobaka Stalina) is a breed of dog, developed to serve as guard dog and police dog. It is rare outside the countries of the former Soviet Union, but begins to be formally recognized elsewhere: in July 2004, for example, it became one of the recognized breeds of the AKC. Despite its name, the Russian Black Terrier is not a true terrier: it is believed that about twenty breeds were used in its development, including the Airedale, Giant Schnauzer, Rottweiler, Newfoundland, Caucasus Ovtcharka and the now extinct Moscow Water Dog.
The Russian Black Terrier gives the impression of great strength, agility and courage. It should be rustic (but not thick) in appearance, and should not look as if its coat is carved or trimmed. They should never appear to lack substance or be weak in any way.
Coat The coat is a double coat with a thick outer guard coat over a softer undercoat. The coat is hard and dense, not soft, woolly, silky or curly. It should be between 5 to 15 cm (2-6 inches) in length. It should form a beard and eyebrows on the face, and a slight mane around the cross and neck that is most pronounced in males. The coat is of low detachment and the color is black with some scattered hairs.
Size According to the FCI standard the male is 72 to 76 cm and not more than 78 cm at the cross compared to the female’s 68-72 cm and not more than 74 cm. The male weighs between 50 and 60 kg (110-132 pounds), and the female dogs under 50 pounds. Nowadays, even bigger people are tolerated if the dog is well proportioned and retains the correct movements. At maturity (over 18 months of age), the AKC standard recommends 27 to 30 inches for men with the desired height between 27 and 29 inches and 26 and 29 inches for women with the desired height between 26 and 28 inches . An adult male, less than 27 inches or more than 30 inches on the cross is considered a serious offense. A mature female of less than 26 inches or more than 29 inches on the cross is considered a serious offense. Although the standard also states that “height consideration should weigh no more than type, proportion, movement and other functional attributes.” In proportions, a Russian Black Terrier should be a little longer than tall, a ratio of 9 ½ to 10 is ideal.
Temperament The character and temperament of the Russian Black Terrier is of utmost importance. The Russian Black Terrier is a calm, confident, brave and confident dog. He is very intelligent and adapts well to training. The Russian Black Terrier was initially bred to guard and protect. He is alert and sensitive, by instinct of protection, determined, courageous, deeply loyal to the family, is distant and therefore not savor the intrusion of strangers into his personal space. Shyness or excessive excitability is a serious fault.
Care The Russian Black Terrier, because of his upbringing as a working dog, has a very strong “work ethic”, and needs a job to do to be happy. Early training is a must and they are very sensitive to signature, constant training, excel in obedience competitions. They also work well in other dog sports, such as agility and Schutzhund training. They have a low-shedding coat, and need to clean several times a week. Dogs that compete in the conformation need to be prepared at least every three weeks to keep the coat in show condition. The Russian Black Terrier needs a lot of exercise, and can become hyperactive and destructive if he does not have the opportunity to burn his energy.
Health The Russian Black Terrier is a healthy general and somewhat long-lived dog (shelf life from 10 to 14 years), however, it is prone to certain hereditary diseases: Major concerns Hip dysplasia Elbow dysplasia Hyperuricosuria Minor concerns Progressive atrophy Of retina (PRA) In an interview with staff Optigen in 2012, I do not remember having a Russian Black Terrier reported to them. This is why it is very important to spot any potential breeders as well as their offspring. A well intentioned breeder will have all health checks throughout the breeding stock before making the decision to breed their dogs. While health checks on breeding animals can not guarantee a puppy will not develop health problems later on, it is important to “do your homework” on any potential breeder.
History The Russian Black Terrier was developed in the former Soviet Union by the state for use as military / working dogs. Livestock was largely imported from occupied countries, especially East Germany. Races used in development include the Airedale Terrier, Caucasian Ovcharka, Newfoundland, Giant and Standard Schnauzer and the now extinct water dog Moscow. BRT were bred for their ability to work, rather than the appearance and early examples only looked like today’s Russian Terrier Black in its construction and shelter type. The BRT was bred only by the state-owned Red Star kennel until 1957, when some puppies were sold to the breeders. These breeders began to breed for looks (as the original was fairly straightforward), maintaining the ability to work. Over time, the race spread to the Balkans, Ukraine and Siberia, and later to Finland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and the United States. The breed was recognized by the FCI in 1984. On July 1, 2004, it was recognized by the American Kennel Club [AKC] in the Working Group. The Canadian Kennel Club has the Russian Black Terrier as “quoted” (formally Various Class) breeds in the Working Group. Black Russian Terrier Terrier from Canada